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Because RMRK NFTs are currently logged alongside blocks, but do not change state of the chain, they are not easy to fetch.

If we have remarks like (paraphrased):

  • Alice has 0 apples.
  • Alice buys 5 apples.
  • Alice sends Bob 3 apples.
  • Alice sends Charlie 3 apples.

One of the two remarks at the end is invalid because Alice does not have 6 apples.

If these remarks are not looked at in order and formed into one, single consolidated state, we cannot be sure the operations are legitimate. Because the remarks can happen on different blocks (months apart even), fetching them and then consolidating them takes a lot of time you don't have an already synced node, and a pre-consolidated dump which you could simply append to.

Thus, there are several ways to get up to date with RMRK state.

Syncing from scratch#

While it's very useful to have a locally running Kusama node at all times for various development experiments, this process is not recommended unless you have a lot of time and disk space.

The full process is:

  • run a fetcher on a Kusama node, to get all remarks
  • run a consolidator on the fetched output, to get the consolidated set of remarks, and thus the "NFT database" in simple JSON file format
  • run any operations on this final set, like analytics, burn checks, owner checks, and more.

Let's go through it step by step.

To sync from scratch you will need to be running a local Kusama node. Connecting to a remote one will simply be too slow and usually throttled by the provider. Download a compiled Polkadot release from the releases page (or compile from scratch if you're feeling adventurous - instructions are in the README), and run it with:

chmod +x polkadot && mv polkadot kusama
./kusama --pruning archive --db rocksdb

If you're running this somewhere in a server of yours and want to connect to it from outside, also add --rpc-cors all to allow other origins to connect to this server.

The sync process takes a few days.

Once the node is synced (the terminal output will let you know), you must fetch the remarks using rmrk-tools.

Install RMRK tools. You need a modern version of NodeJS and Yarn. We recommend using NVM and setting it to 14.16 or newer.

yarn install rmrk-tools

By default, RMRK Tools work with RMRK 2. If you're working with RMRK 1, switch the branch to rmrk-one:

git fetch && git branch rmrk-one


Then, run the fetch command on the node:

yarn cli:fetch --prefixes=rmrk,RMRK --ws=ws://localhost:9933

The output is a JSON file of remarks - any message found alongside chain blocks starting with the prefixes rmrk,RMRK. You can also provide the value as hex data, e.g. 0x726d726b,0x524d524b.

If you have a previously fetched dump, you can use the append flag to just append to it and shorten the processing time. This is good for cronjobs.

yarn cli:fetch --prefixes=0x726d726b,0x524d524b --append=QmdDywgAeybKG6erv5tJmzzfADZs19aJQV1PoMDmff6jR5.json --ws=wss:// --from=8000000 --to=9000000

Other commands to run:

  • --ws URL: websocket URL to connecto to, defaults to
  • --from FROM: block from which to start, defaults to 0 (note that for RMRK, canonically the block 4892957 is genesis)
  • --to TO: block until which to search, defaults to latest
  • --prefixes PREFIXES: limit return data to only remarks with these prefixes. Can be comma separated list. Prefixes can be hex or utf8. Case sensitive. Example: 0x726d726b,0x524d524b
  • --append PATH: special mode which takes the last block in an existing dump file + 1 as FROM (overrides FROM). Appends new blocks with remarks into that file. Convenient for running via cronjob for continuous remark list building. Performance right now is 1000 blocks per 10 seconds, so processing 5000 blocks with a * * * * * cronjob should be doable. Example: yarn cli:fetch --prefixes=0x726d726b,0x524d524b --append=somefile.json
  • --collection: filter by specific collection or part of collection ID (i.e. RMRK substring)
  • --fin: defaults to "yes" if omitted. When "yes", fetches up to last finalized block if to is omitted. Otherwise, last block. no is useful for testing.
  • --output: name of the file into which to save the output. Overridden if append is used.

Download dumps#

You can also download both as a dump from IPFS.


Once you have a fetched set, you need to consolidate it.

yarn cli:consolidate --json=dump.json --ws=ws://localhost:9933

There is also a regularly updated consolidated set available for download for both RMRK 1 and RMRK 2:


The RMRK team also offers simple graphql and HTTPs APIs you can query for quick reading of balances of any account. Please let us know if you'd like to use these APIs.